Marcel Janco

 

Marcel Janco was a Romanian and Israeli visual artist, architect and art theorist. He was the co-inventor of Dadaism and a leading exponent of Constructivism in Eastern Europe. In the 1910s, he co-edited, with Ion Vinea and Tristan Tzara, the Romanian art magazine Simbolul. Janco was a practitioner of Art Nouveau, Futurism and Expressionism before contributing his painting and stage design to Tzara's literary Dadaism. He parted with Dada in 1919, when he and painter Hans Arp founded a Constructivist circle, Das Neue Leben.

Reunited with Vinea, he founded Contimporanul, the influential tribune of the Romanian avant-garde, advocating a mix of Constructivism, Futurism and Cubism. At Contimporanul, Janco expounded a "revolutionary" vision of urban planning. He designed some of the most innovative landmarks of downtown Bucharest. He worked in many art forms, including illustration, sculpture and oil painting.

Janco was one of the leading Romanian Jewish intellectuals of his generation. Targeted by antisemitic persecution before and during World War II, he emigrated to British Palestine in 1941. He won the Dizengoff Prize and Israel Prize, and was a founder of Ein Hod, a utopian art colony, controversially built over a deserted Palestinian Arab settlement. Marcel Janco died in 1984 in Israel.

 

Creations

Marcel Janco
Marcel Janco

Birkat Cohanim (Priest's Blessing) 1960s Oil on canvas 50 x 70 cm

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Marcel Janco
Marcel Janco

Abstraction Nouvelle II 1954 Oil on canvas 50 x 70 cm

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Marcel Janco
Marcel Janco

Imaginary Animals 1950s Oil on canvas 60 x 80 cm

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Marcel Janco
Marcel Janco

Anatomy 1962 Oil on canvas 60 x 80 cm

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Marcel Janco
Marcel Janco

Tiberias 1950s Oil on canvas 60 x 80 cm

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Marcel Janco
Marcel Janco

Goat 1960s Oil on canvas 78 x 54 cm

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Exhibitions

 

Solo shows

1982

Bruno Gallery, Israel

1981

Establishment of the Janco Museum, Ein Hod, Israel 1981 T. Four Sprüngli Gallery, Zürich, Swiss
Participation in Art Basel, Swiss
1972

Retrospective, Janco and Dada, Tel Aviv Museum, Israel 1969 Retrospective, Contemporary Art Museum, Milan, Italy 1966

Damian Gallery, Tel Aviv, Israel

1964

Retrospective, Herzeliya Museum, Herzeliya, Israel

1963

Denis René Gallery, Paris, France

1961

Schwarz Gallery, Milano, Italy

1959

Retrospective Exhibtion, Dada, USA, Germany, France and Netherlands

Retrospective Exhibtion, Dada, Tel Aviv Museum, Israel

1958

Kunsthalle, Düsseldof, Germany

Amsterdam Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

1957

Represented Israel in San Paolo Biennale, Brazile

1954

Participation in the Biennale in San Paolo, Brazil

1952

Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv, Israel

Representing Israel in Venice Biennale, Italy

1950

Pigal Gallery, New York, USA

1949 

Our War, Bezalel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel Bruno Art Group

1948

Tel Aviv Museum, Israel 1942 Tel Aviv Museum, Israel

1941

Art Cabinett, Jerusalem, Israel
1922

Maison de Art, Bukarest, Romania

1920

Several Shows in Baselin and Zürich

1917

Opening of Dada Gallery, Zürich, Swiss

 

Group shows

1965 

50 Years of Dada, Contemporary Art Museum, Paris, France and Kunsthaus, Zürich, Swiss

1962 

Dada, El Bilico d ́Arte, Rome, Italy

1957

Galerie delle Institute, Paris, France 1956 New Horizons, Israel

1954 

Dada, Sydney Janes Gallery, New York, USA

1953 

7 Israeli Artists, Contemporary Art Institute, Boston, USA

1939

Gike Hall, Bukarest, Romania

1933

Dallas Hall, Bukarest, Romania

1932

Mozart Hall, Bukarest, Romania
1931

Gallery de la Renaissance, Paris, France

1930

Aliana Hall, Bukarest, Romania

1929 

New Art Exhibition, Bukarest, Romania

1919

Radical Artists, Kunstgewerbe, Zürich, Swiss